Development Reports
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These reports deal with the process of establishing sustainable development practices in Burma and reveal how investment & development projects are affecting local communities and the environment.

US Campaign for Burma (June 2014) The Report Card analyzes whether US companies are transparently complying with the US State Department’s Responsible Investment Reporting Requirements, conducting due diligence, and responsibly managing their investments on the ground.

Environmental Investigation Agency (March 2014) New analysis of official Burmese government forestry and trade data reveals a multi-billion dollar illegal logging and exports black hole, indicating widespread criminality and official corruption. Illegal exports were worth nearly US$6 billion - four times the combined 2013-14 education and health budgets for the entire country.

This report contains 16 complaint letters to KHRG from displaced villagers in Lu Thaw Township, Hpapun District, which explain that they are unable to return to their homes until the Tatmadaw bases in the area have been closed. Thousands of villagers were originally displaced during Tatmadaw offensives spanning 1997 to 2008; since then, many of these people have lived in make-shift, temporary housing in the jungle and mountainous areas with inadequate health and education facilities and without access to land on which they would grow food for daily consumption. 

Karen Human Rights Group (February 2014) This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District during the period between May and August 2013, including theft of villagers’ livestock, negative consequences of a development project and the impacts of a natural disaster.

Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (February 2014) The original report details the Japanese government's plan to develop Southeastern Burma. In this briefing, the Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN) produced a short summary and brief analysis of the Japan International Cooperation Agency's (JICA) plan and raises concerns about the process of the study, its underlying assumptions and what is missing.

Karen Human Rights Group (February 2014) This Situation Update describes events occurring in Lu Pleh Township, Hpa-an District throughout 2012 and 2013, including development projects, stone mining, drug production and ongoing militarisation.


Human Rights Foundation of Monland (October 2013): In this report HURFOM follows-up on previously documented abuses and concentrates on an emerging new trend: farmers’ active and collective pursuits for rights to their land. This report uses case studies of appeals over past military land confiscations in Ye Township and on-going transgressions by various investors in Kyaikmayaw Township, and focuses on the legal framework in which past and on-going land disputes have taken place. .

Shwe Shwe Gas Movement (September 2013): This report examines the failures of Burma's booming extractive sector and emphasizes that the continued "weak governance, unfair distrubtion of revenue, and continued human rights abuses" will set a dangerous precedent for the extractive industries. To ensure responsible investments, this report recommends that the Shwe Gas pipeline and similar projects be postponed until equal benefits and humane conditions can be guaranteed in order for development to proceed without conflict.

Forest People's Programme (August 2013): This report applies a human rights framework to the topic of agri-business in Burma, looking at the various extant and potential threats to the rights of Burmese people posed by increasing foreign interest in Burma's land and resources. The report recommends reforms to the existing land laws that would support small-scale farmers and the landless and protect them from the risks of disenfranchisement and human rights abuses rampant under the current system.

Shwe Gas Movement (July 2013): This report reveals glaring weaknesses in Burma’s legal framework regarding the extractive industries, resulting in human rights abuses, environmental damage and poor revenue distribution. It examines the current laws and conventions in place, measuring what’s missing in Burma against international standards. Research for the report shows major shortcomings in the areas of environmental conservation, human rights, revenue transparency and natural resource management. The report further suggests that new investments should be halted until these gaps in governance are mended.

Ta’ang Students and Youth Organization (November 2012) "The ‘Pipeline Nightmare’ report looks at the effect the Shwe Gas and Oil Pipeline project has had on the Ta’ang people in northern Shan State by focusing on 6 Townships and 51 villages that the massive development project transects. The people interviewed by our researchers have had their lands confiscated to facilitate the project without any prior consultation or consent. In four of the townships we researched we found that approximately 551 households have had their lands confiscated by the Shwe Gas and Oil Pipeline project. Although many have received compensation for the lands taken, the amount paid to them has been inadequate or not yet received in full. In many cases the affected people have not only lost their lands as a result of the project but also have lost their livelihoods and dignity."

Ta'ang Student and Youth Organization (May 23, 2012) "[This report] documents how Burma Army soldiers deployed to secure Chinese mega projects, including oil and gas pipelines and hydropower dams, have been threatening, extorting money from, and killing local villagers since January this year."

Lahu Women's Organization (May 7, 2012) Since 2007, destructive platinum mining has been taking place in the hills north of Tachilek, eastern Shan State, impacting about 2,000 people from eight Lahu, Akha and Shan villages. The platinum is being extracted by Burmese mining companies and exported to China and Thailand.

Kachin Development Networking Group (May 1, 2012) Burma's government is using the promise of development as a key component in its current peace negotiations with armed ethnic organizations, proposing ceasefire first, then development, and finally a national political agreement. This process has been tried before in Kachin State with disastrous consequences

United to End Genocide (April 2012) "[This report] highlights specific industries, projects and corporate activities that have the potential to drive conflict and create or exacerbate an environment conducive to mass atrocities in Burma. This paper concludes with recommendations to investors regarding their holdings in corporations currently operating in Burma or those seeking to enter the country.

Arakan Oil Watch (March 22, 2012) "With new gas projects in the pipeline and more investors pouring in, Burma's people urgently need to know where the gas money is and how it is spent' said Jockai Khaing of the Arakan Oil Watch. 'A new influx of revenues without transparency will simply entrench military dominance of the economy."

Shwe Gas Movement (September 5, 2011) "Burma's military government is allowing China to build pipelines across the country which will drain Burma of its massive natural gas reserves, dashing hopes of economic development. Building the pipelines and extracting the gas are fuelling further conflicts and abuses. Despite great risks, communities are standing up and voicing their concerns and opposition."

Burma Environmental Working Group (July 25, 2011) "[This] report highlights how Burma lacks any meaningful frameworks on environmental protection and sustainable development that would enable citizens to take part in decision-making about their country's development, despite a recent transition to a military-dominated parliamentary political system. Land tenure remains weak and there are no safeguards in place to protect farmers."